Research

Our faculty conduct their own research and collaborate widely with other faculty in the College of Public Health and elsewhere at The Ohio State University and around the world.  This list identifies current projects in which epidemiology faculty play a lead role.
 
Title: Early risk factors for obesity: parenting, child behavior, and attachment
Sponsor: National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Epidemiology Faculty:  Sarah Anderson
Goals: To determine how the emotional quality of early parent-child relationships affects the risk of childhood obesity
Period of support: 9/1/10 – 5/31/14
 
Title: Foundations for healthy living: healthy eating in early childhood
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Epidemiology Faculty:  Sarah Anderson
Goals: To develop and implement a survey of parents of young children in disadvantaged areas of Columbus, Ohio
Period of support: 10/1/09 – 9/30/14
 
Title:  Clinical Translational Science Award (CTSA)
Sponsor:  National Institutes of Health
Epidemiology Faculty:  Philip F. Binkley, Electra Paskett
Goals:  To support clinical and translational science across The Ohio State University
Award Period: 5/19/08 – 4/30/13
 
Title:  2012/13 Ohio Family Health Survey Academic Research Team
Epidemiology Faculty:  Amy Ferketich
Sponsor: The Ohio Colleges of Medicine Government Resource Center
Goal: To provide expertise to the design, conduct, and analysis of data from the Ohio Family Health Survey
Period of support: 1/1/12 – 6/30/13
 
Title:  Tobacco cessation interventions with Ohio Appalachian smokers
Epidemiology Faculty:  Amy Ferketich
Sponsor: National Cancer Institute
Goal: To evaluate the efficacy of a lay-led intervention in promoting long-term abstinence from tobacco and examine the association between 12-month abstinence and selected individual, interpersonal, organizational, neighborhood and community, and societal factors among rural adult Appalachian tobacco users exposed to a tobacco cessation intervention
Period of support: 1/1/10 – 12/31/14
 
Title:  Reducing cervical cancer in Appalachia
Epidemiology Faculty:  Amy Ferketich, Electra Paskett
Sponsor: National Cancer Institute
Goal:   To develop and oversee health disparities training for undergraduate and graduate students, post-doctoral fellows, and junior faculty
Period of support:  5/01/10 – 4/30/15
 
Title:  Smoking cessation and the natural history of HIV-induced emphysema
Epidemiology Faculty:  Amy Ferketich
Sponsor: National Heart Lung and Blood Institute
Goal:   To assist HIV-positive individuals with smoking cessation using novel methods to motivate them to enter the program and a newly approved medication to help them quit
Period of support: 9/28/07 – 9/27/12
 
Title:  Neighborhood socioeconomic status and 30-day readmission among heart failure patients
Sponsor:  Ohio State University Institute for Population Research
Epidemiology faculty:  Randi Foraker
Goal:  To determine the effect of neighborhood socioeconomic status on 30-day readmission among heart failure patients, and to identify additional patient-level characteristics in the context of neighborhood socioeconomic status which predict 30-day readmission among heart failure patients
Period of support:  7/1/12 – 7/31/13
 
Title:  Potentially Preventable Readmissions Project
Sponsor:  Ohio State University Department of Biomedical Informatics
Epidemiology faculty:  Randi Foraker
Goal:  To assess historical and contemporary readmission data from The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center and determine predictors of 30-day readmission among heart failure, myocardial infarction, and pneumonia patients, respectively
Period of support:  11/1/11 – 9/30/12
 
Title:  Innovation group: computational modeling of global infectious disease threats and policy
Sponsor:  Centers for Innovation at The Ohio State University
Epidemiology faculty:  Armando Hoet
Goal: To organize researchers at OSU who are focused on emerging infectious diseases worldwide
Period of support: 5/1/10 – 10/31/12
 
Title:  Impact of pet ownership on SA/MRSA colonization in children & families
Sponsor:  National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
Epidemiology faculty:   Armando Hoet
Goal: To understand the role of Human-Animal Interaction in regards to Staphylococcus aureus colonization and its potential effect on child health and development
Period of support: 12/1/11 – 11/30/13
 
Title:  A randomized controlled pilot trial of long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids to reduce Autism Spectrum Disorder symptoms and hyperactivity in toddlers with a history of extremely preterm birth
Source:  The Marci and Bill Ingram Fund for Autism Spectrum Disorders
Epidemiology faculty:  Sarah Keim
Goal:  The objective of this study is to evaluate a polyunsaturated fatty acid supplement to reduce ASD symptoms and hyperactive behavior in a cohort of children at high-risk for ASD diagnosis.
Period of Support:  1/1/12-12/31/14
 
Title:  Omega Tots: Polyunsaturated fatty acids to promote brain development in toddlers born prematurely
Source:  Allen Foundation
Epidemiology faculty:  Sarah Keim
Goal:  The objective of this study is to evaluate the effect on developmental outcomes of providing a nutritional LCPUFA supplement to toddlers born preterm.
Period of Support:  6/1/12-5/31/14
 
Title:  Microbial Food Safety Concerns of Sharing Human Milk via the Internet
Source:  The Ohio State University Food Innovation Center
Epidemiology faculty:  Sarah Keim
Goal:  The objective of this study is to evaluate the food safety of human breast milk that is exchanged via internet websites which were established to facilitate mother-to-mother breast milk sharing.
Period of Support:  8/1/12-7/31/13
 
Title:  Disseminating child injury news: What do parents access, understand and use?
Source:  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Epidemiology faculty:  Lara McKenzie
Goal:  To determine parents’ media access and use patterns to enhance dissemination of pediatric injury research findings; and to evaluate parental understanding of news messages about pediatric injury research findings.
Period of Support:  8/1/2012-7/31/2014
 
Title: Emergency department brief intervention to increase carbon monoxide detector use
Source: National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
Epidemiology faculty: Lara McKenzie
Goal: To determine whether a brief intervention will increase CO detector use and PAPM stage among parents whose children are being seen in a PED compared to parents of children receiving a flyer on CO exposure; and to determine whether and to what extent socioeconomic status moderates the effect of the intervention.
Period of Support: 5/1/2008-3/31/2013
 
Title:  Risk factors for STIs and HIV in men who have sex with men (MSM): an examination of a PSA biomarker, sexual behaviors, and the role of body image
Sponsor:  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, United States Agency for International Development, and Family Health International
Epidemiology faculty:  Alison Norris
Goal:  To evaluate prostate specific antigen (PSA) as a biomarker of recent unprotected anal intercourse and collect detailed sexual behavior data from 500 MSM
Period of support:  1/1/12 – 12/31/13
 
Title:  Choices and constraints in reproductive health decisions making among Malawian women
Sponsor:  National Institute of Child Health and Human Development and Ohio State University Initiative in Population Research
Epidemiology faculty:  Alison Norris
Goal:  To study the health and well-being of women of reproductive age in Malawi, by assessing women’s experiences, choices, and constraints in two realms: 1) fertility, family planning, pregnancy, and childbirth; and 2) HIV and STI testing and treatment
Period of support:  7/1/12 – 7/31/13
 
Title:  Development of an integrated public health program for women of reproductive age in Malawi
Sponsor:  Ohio State University Office of International Affairs and Office of Research
Epidemiology faculty:  Alison Norris
Goal:  To start new research collaborations between Ohio State faculty and partners in Malawi, including Baylor College of Medicine, Kamuzu Central Hospital (in Lilongwe), and rural non-governmental organizations
Period of support:  8/1/12 – 7/31/13
 
Title: Vitamin D and the Prevalence, Incidence and Persistence of Bacterial Vaginosis
Source: National Institutes of Health, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Epidemiology faculty: Abigail Norris Turner
Goal: To measure the association between serum vitamin D levels and bacterial vaginosis (BV) prevalence, incidence and persistence; to evaluate correlations between BV-associated cervical cytokines and vitamin D-associated serum cytokines to elucidate the possible immunological mechanisms through which vitamin D may affect BV.
Period of support:  8/2011 – 7/2013
 
Title: Vitamin D Supplementation in an STD Clinic Population
Source: National Institutes of Health, National Center for Advancing Translational Science
Epidemiology faculty: Abigail Norris Turner
Goal: To assess, through a placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial of vitamin D supplementation, the effect of vitamin D supplementation on recurrence of bacterial vaginosis (BV).
Period of support: 1/2011 – 12/2012
 
Title: Longitudinal assessment of the effect of vitamin D on the vaginal microbiome
Source: Central Society for Clinical Research
Epidemiology faculty: Abigail Norris Turner
Goal: To evaluate changes in the vaginal microbiome in women randomized to receive high-dose vitamin D.
Period of support: 2/2012 – 1/2013
 
Title:  Cessation of Abrasive Vaginal Practices in Zimbabwean Women: A Pilot Study
Source: The Ohio State University Public Health Preparedness in Infectious Diseases
Epidemiology faculty: Abigail Norris Turner
Goal: To develop an intervention for urban women in Harare, Zimbabwe aimed at cessation of commonly-reported abrasive vaginal practices that lead to increased risk of bacterial vaginosis.
Period of support: 10/2010 – 10/2012
 
Title: Development of a biological marker of exposure to semen in men
Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, through an Inter-agency Agreement with USAID and Family Health International
Goal: To evaluate prostate specific antigen (PSA) as a biomarker of recent unprotected anal intercourse and collecting detailed sexual behavior data from men who have sex with men
Epidemiology faculty: Abigail Norris Turner, Courtney Lynch C, Alison Norris
Period of support: 10/2010 – 10/2012
 
Title:  The impact of early-onset obesity on colon tumorigenesis
Source:  American Cancer Society
Epidemiology faculty:  Susan Olivo-Marston
Goal:  To create a diet-induced mouse model of early-onset obesity and use this model to examine how early obesity contributes to colon cancer risk
Period of support:  2/1/11 – 1/31/13
 
Title:  The effect of childhood and lifetime obesity and colon carcinogenesis
Source:  National Cancer Institute
Epidemiology faculty:  Susan Olivo-Marston
Goal:  To examine the effect of early-onset obesity on colon carcinogenesis and determine some of the underlying mechanisms associated with this link, including inflammation and the insulin-like growth factor-1 pathway
Period of support:  9/1/11 – 8/31/14
 
Title:  Omega 3 fatty acids and breast cancer prevention: correlative tissue markers of response
Source:  Ohio State University Food Innovation Center
Epidemiology faculty:  Susan Olivo-Marston
Goal:  To assess the impact of increased fish consumption on breast adipose, serum and erythrocyte fatty acid profiles and the feasibility of using tuna/salmon as a study intervention in high risk breast patients
Period of support:  9/1/10 – 9/30/12
 
Title:  Breast cancer prevention through nutrition program
Source:  Breast Cancer Research Foundation
Epidemiology faculty:  Electra Paskett, Randi Foraker
Goal:  To improve overall health through reduction in breast cancer risk factors
Period of Support:  2001 – 13
 
Title:  Ohio cancer incidence surveillance system
Source:  Ohio Department of Health
Epidemiology faculty:  Electra Paskett
Goal:  To collect and analyze population-based cancer incidence data to determine the burden of cancer in Ohio's communities, raise awareness about factors that may increase cancer risk and the benefits of early detection, and improve the survival of persons diagnosed with cancer
Period of support:  2002 – 12
 
Title: Cancer center support grant
Source:  National Institute of Health/National Cancer Institute
Epidemiology faculty:  Electra Paskett
Goal:  To support the programs, services, research, and administration of the OSU Comprehensive Cancer Center
Period of support:  2002 – 15
 
Title:  Enhancing colorectal cancer screening in primary care
Source:  National Institute of Health
Epidemiology faculty:  Electra Paskett
Goal:  To test a program to improve CRC screening among male and female patients over the age of 50 in 10 clinics of the OSU Primary Care Network
Period of support:  2007 – 13
 
Title:  Community based participatory research strategies to increase colorectal cancer screening in Ohio Appalachia
Source:  National Cancer Institute
Epidemiology faculty:  Electra Paskett
Goal:  To implement and test a media campaign and clinic intervention to improve CRC screening among men and women in 12 Ohio Appalachian counties
Period of support:  2008 – 13
 
Title:  Translational training grant in experimental therapeutics
Source:  National Cancer Institute
Epidemiology faculty:  Electra Paskett
Goal: To provide individualized faculty level training to ensure a cadre of translational medical doctors and basic science researchers who can collaborate with each other to design and implement hypothesis-driven experimental therapeutic research directed at patients with cancer
Period of support:  2008 – 13
 
Title:  SPORE – experimental therapeutics of leukemia
Source:  National Cancer Institute
Epidemiology faculty:  Electra Paskett
Goal:  To conduct highly translational research to improve our understanding of leukemia development, risk stratification and therapy
Period of support:  2009 – 14
 
Title:  Cancer and Leukemia Group B CCOP Research Base
Source:  National Cancer Institute
Epidemiology faculty:  Electra Paskett
Goal:  To support the committee chair for the Cancer Control and Health Outcomes program
Period of support:  2010 – 15
 
Title:  UKRF/Appalachia Community Cancer Network
Source:  National Cancer Institute/University of Kentucky
Epidemiology faculty:  Electra Paskett
Goal:  To conduct surveillance, intervention, and dissemination research to reduce the excess cancer burden in Appalachia
Period of support:  2010 – 15
 
Title:  Team activation to increase HPV vaccination rates
Source: National Cancer Institute
Epidemiology faculty: Electra Paskett
Goal:  To organize an Amish community advisory committee to assist with the development and refinement of a CRC screening education intervention for adults with limited health literacy, conduct focus groups with Amish males and females to assess barriers and facilitators to CRC screening, and develop and test the feasibility of a culturally appropriate CRC screening intervention among adults from an Ohio Appalachia Amish church district
Period of support:  2011 – 13
 
Title:  The Women’s Health Initiative Regional Field Center Program
Source:  National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute
Epidemiology faculty:  Electra Paskett, Randi Foraker
Goal:  To take advantage of the large Women’s Health Initiative (WHI) Cohort to launch the next generation of critically important cardiovascular research projects that target older women and to study several important phenotypes in African American, Hispanic, and White women: heart failure, atrial fibrillation, venous thrombcembolism (VTE), coronary heart disease and stroke
Period of support:  2010 – 15
 
Title:  Community outreach capacity through community health educators of the national outreach program
Source:  National Cancer Institute
Epidemiology faculty:  Electra Paskett
Goal:  To use established community partnerships to reduce cancer health disparities among minority and underserved populations (with a specific focus on men) in the catchment area of the OSUCCC
Period of support:  2010 – 12
 
Title:  The feasibility of oral HPV testing among Appalachian men and the prevalence of oral HPV infection among Appalachian couples
Source: The Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center Cancer Control Program
Epidemiology faculty: Paul Reiter  
Goal:  To determine the feasibility of oral HPV testing among Appalachian men and characterize the prevalence of oral HPV infection among these men and their female partners
Period of Support: 1/1/12 – 12/31/12 
 
Title:  Allergic condition susceptibility polymorphisms and glioma risk
Source:  National Cancer Institute
Epidemiology faculty:  Judy Schwartzbaum
Goal:  To investigate the role of immune function genes in glioma risk and survival
Period of support:  4/1/08 – 1/31/13
 
Title:   Center for Injury Research and Policy (Center Grant)
Source:  National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (CDC)
Epidemiology Faculty:  Huiyun Xiang
Goal:  To conduct research, education, and translate research findings into injury prevention policy and measures in the areas of pediatric injury control and prevention.
Period of Support:   2012-17
 
Title:  Drug Poisonings Among Ohio Adolescents and Young Adults
Source:  National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (CDC)
Epidemiology Faculty:  Huiyun Xiang
Goal:  To study characteristics and trend of drug poisonings among Ohio adolescents and young adults.
Period of Support:   2012-17
 
Title:   Secondary Injuries among U.S. workers with Disabilities
Source:  National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety (CDC)
Epidemiology Faculty:  Huiyun Xiang, John Wilkins III
Goal:  To study associations between pre-existing disabilities and secondary injuries
and to investigate the medical costs and methods of payments among U.S. working-age
adults with disabilities.
Period of Support:   2010-13
 
Title:   USA-China Agricultural Injury Research Training Project
Source:  National Institute of Health (NIH)
Epidemiology Faculty:  Huiyun Xiang
Goal:  To increase training and agriculture-related injury research in China in order to develop an infrastructure for future sustainable agricultural injury research.
Period of Support:   2007-13
 
Title:   State of Ohio Crash Outcome Data Evaluation System (CODES)
Source:  National Highway Traffic Safety Administration     
Epidemiology Faculty:  Huiyun Xiang
Goal:  To study traffic crash outcomes by linking multiple data sources using probability linking methodology.
Period of Support:   2007-13
 
Title:   Childhood Injury Statistics Using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System
Source:  National Center for Injury Prevention and Control (CDC)
Epidemiology Faculty:  Huiyun Xiang
Goal:  To assess the weakness and strength of childhood injury statistics using the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS)
Period of Support:   2008-12

 

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