Alison Norris, MD, PhD

Alison Norris, MD, PhD
Associate Professor; Joint Appointment, College of Medicine/Infectious Diseases
Epidemiology
Phone: 614-688-3219
Email: norris.570@osu.edu
CV: PDF icon Alison Norris curriculum vitae_May2019.pdf
Website: http://u.osu.edu/utha/
1841 Neil Ave.
326 Cunz Hall
Columbus, OH, 43210

Background:

As an epidemiologist and a medical doctor, I study sexual and reproductive health with a goal of preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and improving reproductive outcomes for women and men. I have a particular interest understanding how context (e.g., endemic disease, social norms, demographic factors, and cultural and institutional structures) influences health and disease. Methodologically, I focus on using innovative methods to obtain high quality data about sensitive and stigmatized topics. Much of my research has been conducted in eastern and southern Africa, and I have had the opportunity to work with fantastic research collaborators.

I joined the faculty at The Ohio State University in September 2011 with appointments in the Division of Epidemiology, College of Public Health and the Division of Infectious Diseases, College of Medicine. As a faculty member, my goal is to develop, conduct, and evaluate epidemiologic and social science research that will lead to improvements in sexual and reproductive health.

Partnering with an interdisciplinary team of scientists and health practitioners at OSU and in Malawi, I have initiated a program of research in Malawi called Umoyo wa Thanzi (UTHA, Health for Life). Overall, the project aims to understand how women’s and men’s decision making impacts 1) fertility, family planning, pregnancy, and childbirth; and 2) HIV and STI testing and treatment. With funding from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and multiple OSU grants, we have carried out three waves of a longitudinal study in a cluster-randomized sample of more than 1,000 reproductive aged women and their partners. With a Gates Grand Challenges Explorations Grant, we are assessing barriers and facilitators to contraceptive use among UTHA cohort participants. This research partnership and community cohort serve as an ideal platform for investigating complex sexual and reproductive health research questions.

As an MD/PhD student, I conducted a multi-year, multi-disciplinary study of sexual behavior and STIs among plantation residents near Moshi, Tanzania.

As a post-doctoral fellow, I studied contraceptive use and the consequences of unwanted pregnancy in Zanzibar, Tanzania.

Click here to learn about Dr. Norris' experience as a scientist at The Ohio State University. 

Click here to read in Ohio State Public Health about improving reproductive and sexual health.

Memberships

Faculty member, Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, OSU
Member, Institute for Population Research, OSU
Member, Insititue of Infectious Diseases, OSU
Member, Department of Women, Gender and Sexuality Studies, OSU

Research Interests:

sexual and reproductive health with a goal of preventing sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and improving reproductive outcomes for women and men

Education:

Postdoctoral Fellowship in Reproductive Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 2008-2011
M.D., Yale University School of Medicine, 2008
Ph.D., Yale University School of Epidemiology and Public Health, 2006
B.A., Department of Biology, Yale University, 1994

Selected Publications:

Huber-Krum S, Garver S, Gipson J, Chapotera G, Norris AH.Contraceptive methods and features: What are women’s preferences in rural Malawi?African Journal of Reproductive Health. 2019 

Harrington BJ*,TurnerAN, Chemey E, EsberA, KwiekJJ, Norris AH. Who has yet to test? A risk score for predicting never having tested for HIV among women and men in rural Malawi. Sexually Transmitted Diseases. 2019

Norris AH, Rao N,Huber-KrumS, Garver S, Chemey E, Turner AN. Scarcity mindset in reproductive health decision making: A qualitative study from rural Malawi. Culture, Health & Sexuality. 2018

Norris AH, Pritt N, Berlan E. Can pediatricians provide long acting reversible contraception? Journal of Pediatric & Adolescent Gynecology. 2018

Coast E, Norris AH, Moore A, Freeman E.Trajectories of women's abortion-related care: a conceptual framework. Social Science & Medicine. 2018

Esber A, Norris AH, Jumbe E, Kandodo J, Nampandeni P, Reese PC, Turner AN. Feasibility, validity and acceptability of self-collected samples for human papillomavirus (HPV) testing in rural Malawi. Malawi Medical Journal. 2018

Zhang A*, Jumbe E, Krysiak R,Sidiki S, Kelley H, Chemey E, Kamba K, Mwapasa V, Ignacio Garcia J, Norris AH, PanX, Evans C, Wang S, Kwiek J, Torrelles J. Evaluating the Accuracy of a Low Cost Diagnostic Test for Susceptible and Drug Resistant Tuberculosis in Rural Malawi. African Journal of Laboratory Medicine. 2018

Loewenberg Weisband Y*, Klebanoff M, Gallo M, Shoben A, Norris AH. Birth outcomes of women using a midwife versus physician for prenatal care. Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health. 2018

Rao N*, Esber A, Turner AN, Mowpia G, Banda J, Norris AH. Infertility and self-rated health among Malawian women. Women and Health. 2017

Thomas R, Norris A, Gallo M. Anti-legal attitude toward abortion among abortion patients in the U.S. Contraception.2017

Alkhalaileh D, Hayford SR, Norris AH, Gallo MF. Prevalence and attitudes on female genital mutilation/cutting in Egypt since criminalisation 2008. Culture, Health & Sexuality. 2017

Huber S*, Esber A, Garver S, Banda V, Norris A.The Relationship Between Ambivalent and Indifferent Pregnancy Desires and Contraceptive Use Among Malawian Women. International Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. 2017

Norris AH, Decker M, Loewenberg Weisband J, Hindin M. Reciprocal physical intimate partner violence is associated with prevalent STI/HIV among male Tanzanian migrant workers: a cross-sectional study. Sexually Transmitted Infections. 2017

Norris AH, Loewenberg Weisband J, Wiles M, Ickovics J. Prevalence of sexually transmitted infections among Tanzanian migrants: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of STD and AIDS. 2017

Rao N*, Esber A, Turner A,, Chilewani J, Banda, V, Norris A. Who decides? Joint decision making leads to better obstetric choices. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics. 2016

Norris A, Harrington B, Hemed M, Grossman D, Hindin M. Causes and consequences of induced abortion among a community-based snowball sample of Zanzibari women. Reproductive Health. 2016

Norris A, Hachey K, Curtis A, Bourdeaux M. Crippling violence: correlations of violence and polio incidence in Afghanistan. Plos ONE. 2016

Bessett D, Gerdts C, Littman L, Kavanaugh M, Norris A. Does State-Level Context Matter for Individual’s Knowledge about Abortion, Legality, and Health? Challenging the “Red States v. Blue States” Hypothesis. Culture, Health and Sexuality. 2015

Esber A*, Foraker R, Hemed M, Norris A. Partner approval and intention to use contraception among women presenting for post-abortion care at Mnazi Mmoja Hospital, Zanzibar. Contraception. 2014

Gallo M, Norris A, Turner AN. Female condoms: New choices, old questions. Commentary in The Lancet Global Health. 2013

Kavanaugh M, Bessett D, Norris A, Littman L. Connecting knowledge about abortion and sexual and reproductive health to belief about abortion restrictions: findings from an online survey. Women’s Health Issues. 2013

Norris Turner A, Paul P, and Norris A. Limited benefit of repeating a sensitive question in a cross-sectional sexual health study. BMC Medical Research Methodology. 2013

Norris A, Jackson A, and Khoshnood K. Exploring the ethics of observational research: The case of an HIV study in Tanzania, American Journal of Bioethics Primary Research. 2013

Norris A and Worby E. The sexual economy of sugar: AIDS and privatization on a Tanzanian plantation, American Ethnologist. 2012

Norris A, Bessett D, Steinberg J, Kavanaugh M, DeZordo S, and Becker D. Abortion Stigma: A Reconceptualization of Constituents, Causes, and Consequences. Women’s Health Issues. 2011

Gipson JD, Becker D, Mishtal J, Norris A. Conducting Abortion Research in International Settings. Women’s Health Issues.  2011

Norris A, Kitali A, and Worby E. Alcohol and transactional sex: How risky is the mix? Social Science and Medicine. 2009